Interface with I2C devices and sensors using NXP MCU-Link Pro and USBSIO library. A sample which looks like "i2cdetect"

OK, It turns out that this is not a new feature, and is made of two "screen"s. Here are the htoprc lines

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Some "hidden" feature from the new htop utility, this tab is invisible until run as root user.

It seems WCH also noticed this issue, however what they did is simply replaced the ecall instruction with a register write to their "PFIC", which pends a software interrupt with lower preemption priority than SysTick...

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The "PFIC" WCH has made is much alike the ones in Cortex-M, utilizing 0b11 MODE bit and BASE as vector table base address, the absolute addresses point to the handlers are stored based on a pre-defined number. Also, this "PFIC" supports nested interrupt handling and preemption. The vector table looks like the following:

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RISC-V supports vectored and non-vectored exception handling, defined in a CSR called mtvec. The default handling mode is done by rewriting PC to vectored or non-vectored address defined in BASE.
However, WCH somehow decided that everything "Reserved" by specification can be used, so they simply added a third exception handling method in MODE field, something called "NVIC" by ARM...

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After a day and a lot of effot, we finally got a working FreeRTOS (without modification) running on the MCU. Now we can finally talk about the exception model which WCH has made a lot of mess on...

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The first thing I noticed is, instead of implementing a MTIME counter or CLINT, they put a so-called “SysTick” peripheral, but forgot to wire the counter rergisters to CSRs.

The SysTick peripheral is register-level compatible with the same peripheral used in Cortex-M, extended to 64 bit counter and compare register. and here are the register table:

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Porting FreeRTOS to WCH CH32V307, It seems WCH has some serious issue about their RISC-V MCUs...



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